Sign up for our Population Health Research Briefs Series

Economic Hardship during Childhood Increases the Risk of Premature Death Later in Life

Blakelee Kemp
May 21, 2019

Experiencing economic hardship during childhood can have long lasting consequences for health. This is especially true for individuals who face multiple forms of hardship early in life. This data slice examines the trend indicating that with each additional economic hardship experienced during childhood, the risk of early death during adulthood increases.

The Stories behind the Struggle: A Closer Look at First Experiences with Opioid Misuse

Khary K. Rigg, Shannon M. Monnat, Katherine McLean, Ashton Verdery, and Glenn Sterner
May 14, 2019

Opioid use disorders and overdoses from prescription opioids, heroin, and fentanyl have become a national public health crisis. Improving our knowledge about how people first come to misuse opioids can help to inform prevention and treatment interventions. This research brief dives into the stories behind opioid use initiation and provides intervention strategies.

A Tale of Two Statistics: Has Unemployment among Adults with Disabilities Really Declined?

Jennifer D. Brooks
May 7, 2019

We often hear that the unemployment rate, including among people with disabilities, has reached an all-time low. However, adults with disabilities are far more likely than their non-disabled peers to be out of the labor force. This data slice examines whether unemployment rates for individuals with disabilities have truly declined.

Targeted Advertising Can Increase Healthy Food Choices Among College Students 

Stephanie Spera
April 30, 2019

Targeted nutrition programs for young adults are essential to reduce the burden of chronic disease in the U.S. This research brief describes how targeted advertising can increase healthy food choices among college students.

A Simple Mindfulness Practice Can Improve Mental Health 

Mary Kate Lee
April 23, 2019

Depression, anxiety, and related mental distress are rising at alarming rates in the U.S. Mindfulness, a practice that has been around for over 2,000 years is becoming a popular new approach for treatment in the U.S. This issue brief discusses the impacts of practicing Mindfulness on mental health and well-being.

The Increase in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome from Opioids Affects Us All

Sean Withington and Shannon M. Monnat
April 16, 2019

Opioid use during pregnancy has increased dramatically in the U.S. over the past decade, leading to a surge in cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) – babies born dependent on opioids. This issue brief discusses the impacts of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and ways we can address this important population health problem.

More Kindergarteners are Exempted from Required School Vaccinations than in the Past

Kent Jason G. Cheng
April 9, 2019

Measles cases in the U.S. have soared over the past two years. Yet 20 states have proposed new bills that would allow parents to exempt their children from vaccinations required to enter kindergarten for philosophical reasons. This data slice illustrates the increase in vaccine exemptions over the past several years and discusses the implications for new measles outbreaks.

An Apple a Day Keeps Diabetes at Bay: Incentivizing Participation in Diabetes Self-Management Education with Fruit & Vegetable Vouchers

Angie Mejia,Mary Kate Lee, and Shannon M. Monnat 
April 2, 2019

Diabetes is an urgent public health problem in the U.S., with 30.3 million people currently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. This research brief describes the results of a 12-month, diabetes self-management education and fruit and vegetable purchase assistance intervention designed to improve diabetes self-management knowledge and health outcomes (weight, glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol) among adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.

 Jumpstart Your Week with a Monday Mile

Mary Kate LeeBonnie Slocom 
March 26, 2019

People are more likely to view Monday as a day for a fresh start than any other day of the week. This brief discusses the benefits of kick starting your week with a Monday Mile, profiles a local community that created several Monday Mile routes where local residents can interact and be active, and describes how you can create Monday Mile routes within your own community.

Suicide Rates Have Soared among Middle-Aged White Women in the U.S.

Julene Kemp Cooney
March 19, 2019

Suicide rates among middle-aged white women in the U.S. have soared since the early 2000s. Rates for white women have increased across all age groups, but they are the highest among those ages 35-64. This data slice, written by Sociology PhD student Julene Kemp Cooney, describes these recent trends.

 We Should Promote Harm Reduction to Combat the Opioid Overdose Crisis

Alexandra Punch 
March 12, 2019

Over 70,000 people in the U.S. died from drug overdoses last year. The U.S. has consistently struggled with how to address drug crises throughout its history and has not embraced harm reduction strategies that have proven to be effective at reducing drug overdose rates in other countries. This issue brief explains the concept of harm reduction, describes various types of programs that fall under the harm reduction model, and discusses the promises these approaches hold for helping to combat the current opioid crisis.

Life Expectancy is Increasingly Tied to Our Education Level

Jennifer Karas Montez
March 5, 2019

This Lerner Center data slice describes the growing gap in life expectancy between adults with a college degree versus those with less than college education.

What are we hiding? Preventable causes of death are not accurately counted for adults with intellectual disability

Scott Landes
February 26, 2019

Nearly half of deaths among individuals with disabilities are coded as being directly caused by an intellectual disability. As a result, medical professionals are under-counting deaths due to accidental choking, heart disease, and other external causes among individuals with disabilities. Recording deaths as being caused by a disability, in the presence of more direct causes of death, hides an unacceptably high rate of preventable choking deaths among adults with developmental disability.

“Lotta Food, No Money”: Syracuse’s Poor Have Challenges that are Much Bigger than Food Access

Katie Mott
February 12, 2019

This brief takes an up close look at the issue of poverty and food insecurity in the City of Syracuse following the closure of a popular neighborhood grocery store and finds that—despite the attention given to the impact of so-called ‘food deserts’ on the health of poor families—the issue of food access is not the most pressing concern for the City’s poorest residents.