COVID-19, Anxiety, and Depression: Evidence from the U.S. Household Pulse Survey

Xiaoyan Zhang

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A large share of U.S. adults report feelings of anxiety and depression during COVID-19. In a recent survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau from May 21st to May 26th, 63% of U.S. adults reported feeling nervous, anxious, or on edge several days in the past week. Fifty-four percent reported not being able to stop or control worrying, 51% reported feeling down, depressed, or hopeless, and 54% reported having little interest or pleasure in doing things. There are important demographic differences in these outcomes. For example, females were more likely than males to report more severe feelings of anxiety and depression. Hispanics/Latinos and adults aged 18-29 were most likely to report daily feelings of anxiety and depression. Despite their much higher COVID-19 health risk, older adults (age 70+) were the least likely to report feelings of anxiety or depression.

About the Author
Xiaoyan Zhang is a PhD candidate in the Department of Human Development and Family Science and a Lerner Graduate Fellow at the Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion in the Maxwell School at Syracuse University (

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