COVID-19 testing is essential to help reduce spread, strategically deliver treatment resources, and devise appropriate policy responses. There is already evidence that U.S. states with more confirmed infections (which can only be determined with testing) are more likely than their peer states with fewer confirmed cases to enact physical distancing protocols, thereby dramatically reducing travel and other mechanisms for virus spread. Resource constraints and different reactions by state governors have resulted in widespread testing variation across states.Continue Reading
Given high rates of alcohol use and the heavy drinking culture on most college campuses, students living in long-term recovery from substance use disorder are often an invisible population on college campuses nationwide. They are also an institutionally under-served population.Continue Reading
The older adult veteran population is at high risk of contracting the novel coronavirus. Confirmed cases of COVID-19 mirror the population density of older veterans in New York State. Communities with large veterans populations, such as Buffalo, Rochester, Utica, and NYC, have seen rapid increases confirmed cases of coronavirus.Continue Reading
There are 50,308 beds in licensed assisted living facilities1 and 114,988 certified nursing home beds (with 90% average occupancy) in New York State.2 Yet, assisted living facilities receive disproportionately less media coverage and policy attention than nursing homes with respect to coronavirus risks and consequences for older adults. Recent deaths in a Florida assisted living facility demonstrate that we need to be paying much more attention to coronavirus risks in these facilities.3Continue Reading
Confirmed cases of COVID-19 are not evenly distributed across the U.S. Thus far, confirmed cases are mainly clustered in the Mid-Atlantic region, Florida, along the West Coast, and in large central cities throughout the middle of the U.S.Continue Reading
As rates of coronavirus (COVID-19) infection and death continue to rise, it is important to consider how rural areas may be differentially affected. On the one hand, rural parts of the U.S. may be comparatively better off than urban places due to lower population density in rural areas. Lower population density reduces opportunities for virus spread. On the other hand, there are several features of rural populations and places that increase their risk of coronavirus-related mortality and other long-term health impacts.Continue Reading
Older adults are at greater risk for several reasons. Our immune function, or our bodies’ ability to fight off new infections like coronavirus, declines with age. In addition, people with chronic diseases have lower immune function, making it harder to ward off infections. Older adults are more likely to have chronic diseases than younger age groups. However, not all older adults experience the same level of risk from coronavirus. Those with more chronic conditions or those in the oldest age groups (in their 80s and 90s) are at greatest risk.2Continue Reading
Compared to many of our more developed peer countries, the U.S. has been slow to respond to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. There has also been significant variation in coronavirus response between U.S. states, including differential levels of testing.Continue Reading
Recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) is mostly a relational process defined by improving interdependent relationships, prosocial growth, and quality of life improvements.[1,2] Recovery-affirmative social support – social groups that affirm one’s recovery identity – as well as supportive recovery institutions all play a central role in the recovery journey. Continue Reading
Thirty-nine U.S. states have ordered school closures to help reduce the spread of the rapidly evolving infectious respiratory disease COVID-19 and to protect the vulnerable populations most at risk, including older adults and those with a underling health conditions.Continue Reading
You’re probably tired, burnt out, overwhelmed, or anxious from the constant stream of information (some true and some false) penetrating your social media, virtual conversations, and thoughts. You’ve likely seen the myriad of resources [1-3] to help manage your mental health at this time. Many are all presenting important, relevant, and meaningful information. I encourage you dive into the end notes at the bottom of this article and explore some that we think are really helpful.Continue Reading
The emergent infectious respiratory disease (COVID-19), caused by the novel coronavirus, is of grave concern for all, and especially for older adults. In addition to following the New York State guidance for protecting yourself and your family, social distancing and avoiding unnecessary contacts can help our communities to protect older adults.Continue Reading
Syracuse, N.Y., March 17, 2020—The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University once again ranks #1 in the nation for public affairs according to the U.S. News & World Report reputational survey. This year, Maxwell shares the top ranking with Indiana University’s O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs.
- Men have higher alcohol-related death rates than women in every U.S. state.
- In 2013-17, alcohol-related death rates among working-aged men were highest in New Mexico, Wyoming, and South Dakota. Among women, rates were highest in Alaska, New Mexico, and South Dakota.
- The gender gap in alcohol-related death rates is highest in states in the western and southern regions of the U.S.
- SNAP participation is associated with a population-wide average decline of 1–2 percentage points in the risk of premature mortality.
- SNAP participation is associated with a 0.8 percentage point reduction in risk of mortality from “deaths of despair” among adults aged 40 – 64.
- SNAP policy or implementation changes that further restrict program access or benefits levels could increase premature mortality risk.
- We are generally unwilling to accept people who are recovering from substance use disorders into our social and professional circles.
- People in recovery, regardless of the label used to describe them, may experience social distancing from others as the intimacy of the relationship increases.
- In an experimental study, vignettes that described substance use recovery in any form prompted a greater desire for social distance. In contrast, the control group vignette that did not mention substance use or recovery at all elicited no desire for social distance under any context.
The Lerner Center was awarded a grant by the Mother Cabrini Health Foundation for their project: “Implementing and Evaluating the Efficacy of a New Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Plan of Safe Care.” The project aims to increase health provider education surrounding the successful development of Plans of Safe Care (POSC) for mothers with addiction and babies who were exposed to opioids prior to birth. Continue Reading
Shannon Monnat, Lerner Chair for Public Health Promotion, is a coauthor on a new article published in the journal Socius, titled: “Visualizing Age, Period, and Cohort Patterns of Substance Use in the U.S. Opioid Crisis.” Continue Reading
The Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University is proud to announce its 2020 Lerner Center Faculty Fellows Grant Program. The Faculty Fellows Grant Program intends to fund at least two research/evaluation awards in the areas of population health and/or health promotion. Awards will be funded up to a maximum of $25,000 for 24 months. Click here for more details on how to apply.
Xiaoyan Zhang, Lerner Center Fellow and PhD candidate in the department of Human Development and Family Science, was interviewed on WAER for her latest data slice on child poverty rates for single mother families. Continue Reading
- States with more mandated mental health policies in public schools have significantly lower adolescent suicide and substance abuse rates.
- States that mandate school-based mental health centers, professional development in suicide prevention, and social-emotional curriculums have significantly lower adolescent suicide and substance abuse rates.
- Mandated anti-bullying and family engagement policies are also associated with significantly lower adolescent suicide rates.
Shannon Monnat, Lerner Chair for Public Health Promotion, along with Lerner Center Associate Director Alexandra Punch, will work along side the the Maxwell X Lab to conduct research on various opioid court treatments in New York State. Read the full story here: https://www.maxwell.syr.edu/news/stories/Maxwell_team_wins_grant_from_Department_of_Justice_for_opioid_study/.
- Policies that cover undocumented immigrants during pregnancy sometimes restrict what services can be covered.
- Health care providers feel like they cannot always treat all of their patients the same due to policy restrictions.
- Some providers develop workarounds in order to meet their undocumented patients’ needs.
This article highlights how dermatologists are heading to metropolitan areas of the U.S. for new business, leaving rural areas throughout the country scarce resources to care for and prevent skin cancers, like melanoma. Read more in the article: What is Teledermatology – and How Did It Become So Popular?
Ellen is 79 years old and lives alone in a two-bedroom house in a small town in upstate New York. She has owned her home for thirty years, and she loves her town. She raised her daughter there, she volunteers at the local library, and she loves the people and the place. Since her husband passed two years ago, Continue Reading
In Spring 2019, Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion developed and disseminated a campus-wide survey on health and wellness goals. The survey explored how health and wellness goals differed among race/ethnicity, sex, and role at Syracuse University (faculty, staff, undergraduate or graduate student). Results were very insightful and will inform future Healthy Monday programming. The article, New Ways to Make Monday a Fresh Start, dives into the survey results and their implications, along with how Healthy Monday programming can be used to spark healthy behaviors across campus.
Monnat and colleagues published work on the geography of the opioid epidemic, which highlighted in an article by CityLab: The Changing Geography of the Opioid Crisis. The article explores the history of the opioid epidemic and its evolution into a nationwide crisis.
It is well known that family environments impact children’s health. Family structure (whether a child lives in a married vs. single-parent family) is a strong predictor of child poverty, and child poverty is associated with poor health. Continue Reading
In celebration of National Rural Health Day, the Madison County Rural Health Council recognizes Madison County residents who have shown a deep passion and commitment to bettering the health and wellness of their community. This year, the Rural Health Council awarded the DeRuyter Monday Mile Team for creating their own Monday Mile Day and organizing several Monday Mile walks to encourage physical activity and wellness among their community.
The Monday Mile initiative launched in Madison County in 2016 with the creation of the Live Well Committee, comprised of the SU Lerner Center staff, Rural Health Council staff, and various stakeholders in Madison County. Since then, 11 Monday Mile routes have been established, with two currently in the works. The success of the Monday Mile in Madison County has been largely attributed to the enthusiasm and leadership of community residents, like the DeRuyter Monday Mile Team.
For more information on Madison County Monday Miles, check this Lerner Center Issue Brief on the Monday Mile.
- Terms like “Substance Abuser,” “Alcoholic and “Addict” stigmatize people with substance use issues.
- Health care professionals, individuals with addictions, individuals in recovery, and the general public all associate negative bias with terms like “addict” and “abuser”.
- Person-first language such as “person with a substance use disorder” should be used by professionals to describe populations with substance use issues.
- Health care professional should also use caution with terms like “Relapse” and “Medication Assisted Treatment” as those terms are associated with negative bias.
Monnat, the Lerner Chair for Public Health Promotion, traveled to our nation’s capital to participate in a roundtable discussion on addressing the opioid epidemic in the United States. Continue Reading
- Increasing physical activity is the top-ranked health and wellness goal at SU.
- Improving diet and nutrition and better managing stress were also highly prioritized.
- Graduate students were more likely than other groups to report having goals to be kinder to themselves and to improve their mood.
- Females were more likely than males to report having goals to improve their diet and nutrition and better manage stress.
- Males were more likely than females to report having goals to improve family relationships, improve relationships with others, and reduce alcohol consumption.
Many renters in the U.S. struggle to afford housing. Nationwide, half of renters pay more than 30% of their income for rent (the federal standard for affordability). Over a quarter of renters pay more than 50% of their income for rent. Continue Reading
In 2006, Facebook marked the beginning of a new era in social media by making itself universally available. Since then, membership on social media platforms has exploded. Ninety percent of young adults in the U.S. are now on social media, and the majority visit these sites at least once per day.1 Nearly half of all social media users in the U.S. visit sites a minimum of 31 times per week. Social media has benefits, including the ability to share important information, communicate with friends, and expand one’s social circle by being connected to a diverse group of people. Excessive social media use also has costs, including addiction, loneliness, depression, reduced self-esteem, and reduced ability to develop meaningful relationships.1 Continue Reading
• Adults with any type of development disability (DD) die an average of 23.5 years earlier than adults without developmental disability.
• The early death disadvantage is largest for those with cerebral palsy, other rare developmental disabilities, or co-occurring developmental disabilities, who die up to 34 years earlier than adults without DD.
• Individuals with intellectual disability die an average of 12.7 years earlier than those without DD.
• Adults with DD die at extremely higher rates between ages 18-39 compared to those without DD. 52% of adults with cerebral palsy and other rare DD died between ages 18-39, whereas only 4% of adults without DD died at these ages. Continue Reading
- Disabilities are associated with food insecurity through multiple pathways.
- Work-limiting disabilities, cognitive limitations, trouble hearing, and certain physical limitations are related to increased likelihood of food insecurity for prime-age adults (age 19-59).
- The high prevalence of food insecurity among the disabled population represents a policy failure at the national level.